In general, the purpose of the Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act (“UCCJEA”) is to resolve custody disputes by directing the court with “continuing and exclusive jurisdiction” the jurisdiction to modify and enforce custody disputes that may arise between two different states. While each state has its own child custody statutes, the UCCJEA governs which state’s child custody laws will control in the event of a conflict involving a custody or enforcement proceeding where more than one state’s laws might apply. In 2004, Illinois adopted the UCCJEA, along with 48 other states. Massachusetts is the only state that has not adopted the it.
Probably most importantly, the UCCJEA indicates that the child’s “home state” should resolve all custody conflicts. The Act defines the child’s “home state” as “the state in which a child lived with a parent or a person acting as a parent for at least six consecutive months immediately before the commencement of a child-custody proceeding. In the case of a child less than six months of age, the term means the state in which the child lived from birth with any of the persons mentioned. A period of temporary absence of any of the mentioned persons is part of the period” (emphasis added).